5 posts on Surveys

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Numbers or Brackets for numeric questions?

11 min read 0 comments

As you may know, this summer I am leading the design of the inaugural State of HTML survey. Naturally, I am also exploring ways to improve both survey UX, as well as all questions.

Shaine Madala, a data scientist working on the survey design team proposed using numerical inputs instead of brackets for the income question. While I was initially against it, I decided to explore this a bit further, which changed my opinion.

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Help Design the Inaugural State of HTML Survey!

6 min read 0 comments

You have likely participated in several Devographics surveys before, such as State of CSS, or State of JS. These surveys have become the primary source of unbiased data for the practices of front-end developers today (there is also the Web Almanac research, but because this studies what is actually used on the web, it takes a lot longer for changes in developer practices to propagate).

You may remember that last summer, Google sponsored me to be Survey Design Lead for State of CSS 2022. It went really well: we got 60% higher response rate than the year before, which gave browsers a lot of actionable data to prioritize their work. The feedback from these surveys is a prime input into the Interop project, where browsers collaborate to implement the most important features for developers interoperably.

So this summer, Google trusted me with a much bigger project, a brand new survey: State of HTML!

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State of CSS 2022 now open!

3 min read 0 comments

Take State of CSS 2022 survey

A while ago I posted a call for feedback to inform the design of the State of CSS 2022 survey. The response has been overwhelming and it was glorious. We got quite a lot of proposals, feedback, votes. But that also meant we had to make some tough decisions about what gets in the survey and what doesn’t, otherwise we’d end up with a survey so long nobody would want to finish it!

In the end we added questions about 15 new CSS features based on proposals in that repo, and decided against adding 9. Overall, there are 30 new CSS features the 2022 survey asks about. To make space for all of that, we also removed a few that were not really shining much light into what developers do anymore, and also a couple others that were not actually about CSS.

However, CSS features are not the only — or even the most important questions being asked.

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Help design the State of CSS Survey 2022!

2 min read 0 comments

Since 2019, the annual State of CSS survey has collected feedback from web developers from across the world to try and take the pulse of the CSS ecosystem, and it’s become a valuable resource not only for CSS developers, but also for browser vendors. This summer, one of my side projects is helping out with survey design and outreach for the State of CSS survey, thanks to a generous Google UI fund grant.

The target is for the survey to launch in mid September, and we are currently working on the outline. So far we have created a preliminary outline based on last year’s survey and early research. All our work happens is in the open, in this repo. Here are some of the changes from last year’s survey:

  • Removed the Pre-processors category as it feels like there isn’t too much debate around that area.
  • Got rid of “which browser do you primarily develop in?” question as we already ask which browsers people test in.
  • Merged “Opinions” and “Environments” sections into new “Usage” section.
  • Moved browsers question to “Other Tools”.
  • New features:
    • currentcolor
    • color-mix()
    • Wide gamut colors
    • scroll-behavior
    • scroll-padding
    • font-palette
    • :focus-visible
    • :has() pseudo-class
    • :where() pseudo-class
    • Cascade Layers
    • Houdini Paint API
    • and there are several others we are considering

We are currently looking for feedback from the community, including suggesting CSS features to ask about, libraries and tools, or even new questions altogether.

There are also some design issues to flesh out, you’re welcome to weigh in there too.

If you want to quickly vote on which features are most important for you to make it into the survey, you can do that either via GitHub 👍🏼reactions, or here (which uses GitHub reactions behind the scenes). Do note that reactions are only one metric among many we will use to consider items.

The feedback period will be open until August 20, then we will start working on launching the survey.

Do note that browser makers are looking at this and similar surveys to prioritize what to implement. This is why Google is sponsoring this project. So any effort you put into survey outline feedback, and on responding to the survey when it’s ready, could come back to you tenfold when your favorite CSS features get implemented faster!

An easy notation for grayscale colors

3 min read 0 comments

These days, there is a lengthy discussion in the CSS WG about how to name a function that produces shades of gray (from white to black) with varying degrees of transparency, and we need your feedback about which name is easier to use.

The current proposals are:

1. gray(lightness [, alpha])

In this proposal gray(0%) is black, gray(50%) is gray and gray(100%) is white. It also accepts numbers from 0-255 which correspond to rgb(x,x,x) values, so that gray(255) is white and gray(0) is black. It also accepts an optional second argument for alpha transparency, so that gray(0, .5) would be equivalent to rgba(0,0,0,.5).

This is the naming of the function in the current CSS Color Level 4 draft.

2. white(lightness [, alpha])

Its arguments work in the same way as gray(), but it’s consistent with the expectation that function names that accept percentages give the “full effect” at 100%. gray(100%) sounds like a shade of gray, when it’s actually white. white(100%) is white, which might be more consistent with author expectations. Of course, this also accepts alpha transparency, like all the proposals listed here.

3. black(lightness [, alpha])

black() would work in the opposite way: black(0%) would be white, black(100%) would be black and black(50%,.5) would be semi-transparent gray. The idea is that people are familiar thinking that way from grayscale printing.

4. rgb() with one argument and rgba() with two arguments

rgb(x) would be a shorthand to rgb(x, x, x) and rgba(x, y) would be a shorthand to rgba(x, x, x, y). So, rgb(0) would be black and rgb(100%) or rgb(255) would be white. The benefit is that authors are already accustomed to using rgb() for colors, and this would just be a shortcut. However, note how you will need to change the function name to get a semi-transparent version of the color. Also, if in the future one needs to change the color to not be a shade of gray, a function name change is not needed.

I’ve written some SCSS to emulate these functions so you can play with them in your stylesheets and figure out which one is more intuitive. Unfortunately rgb(x)/rgba(x,a) cannot be polyfilled in that way, as that would overwrite the native rgb()/rgba() functions. Which might be an argument against them, as being able to polyfill through a preprocessor is quite a benefit for a new color format IMO.

You can vote here, but that’s mainly for easy vote counting. It’s strongly encouraged that you also leave a comment justifying your opinion, either here or in the list.

Vote now!

Also tl;dr If you can’t be bothered to read the post and understand the proposals well, please, refrain from voting.